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A Guidebook on Transitional Issues for Refugee Youth

This toolkit is a compilation of legal information relevant for refugee youth. It is envisaged that the toolkit will provide comprehensive information to support the integration of refugee youth into our society and provide access to resources in addressing some of the transitional issues faced by new immigrants.

According to statistics from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, nearly 20 people from around the world are forcibly displaced every minute, as a result of conflict or persecution. Among them are nearly 22.5 million refugees and over half of whom are under the age of 18. Refugee youth and children are more vulnerable to sexual exploitation, gender-based violence, forced recruitment, and unlawful arrest and detention. Against this backdrop, we developed this legal education toolkit to directly benefit the refugee youth in accessing legal information.

This toolkit addresses two major needs of recent refugee youth. The first is addressing the social isolation that most newcomers face when they immigrate to a new country. The second is addressing the knowledge gap that they face in Canada due to the laws and regulations of Canada being different than that of the countries they are fleeing.

In terms of legal information, there are many areas of concern for refugee youth. We have selected a number of topics, based on the feedback we received from focus group discussions with recent refugee youth, and consultations with legal experts, social workers, and representatives from settlement agencies. Although it is not comprehensive, we have attempted to cover some of the most demanding areas of law relevant to the youth. Certain areas need further research and we anticipate updating the web-based toolkit with more information.

We have included a section on resources, where the users of this toolkit have access to relevant institutes and legal services, they can also obtain legal advice from lawyers as to the accuracy of the laws at the time of use. The toolkit is written in clear and simple language for better understanding. It will also be translated into Arabic, Tamil, and Urdu languages to ensure that the youth do not face language barriers when it comes to accessing the information.



தமிழ் | Tamil


عربى | Arabic


اردو | Urdu

ڈاؤن لوڈ کریں


  • Employment
    • Refugee claimants
    • Provincial Regulations
    • Minimum wage
    • Hours of work
    • Public holidays
    • Domestic or sexual violence leave
    • Workplace safety
  • Housing
    • Renting a place?
    • Tenancy and Eviction
  • Health
    • The Interim Federal Health Program–Refugees
  • Resources



Toronto–Refugee Law Office
20 Dundas St West Suite 202,
Toronto M5G 2H1
* Services are available in French at this location

Legal Aid Ontario
Toronto: 416-979-1446
Toll free: 1-800-668-8258
TTY (Telephone device for the hearing impaired)
Toronto: 416-598-8867
Toll free: 1-866-641-8867
Fax: (416) 979-8669
* A legal information resource from legal aid Ontario:

Pro Bono Ontario
Ontarians who have essential legal needs but can’t afford a lawyer


Human Rights Tribunal

HALCO – HIV & AIDS Legal Clinic Ontario

Advocacy Centre for Tenants Ontario
55 University Avenue Suite 1500,
Toronto M5J 2H7
Toll-free: 1-866-245-4182

ARCH Disability Law Centre
55 University Ave Suite 1500,
Toronto M5J 2H7
Toll-free: 1-866-482-2724

Justice for Children and Youth
55 University Ave Suite 1500,
Toronto M5J 2H7

Chinese & Southeast Asian Legal Clinic
180 Dundas Street West Suite 1701,
Toronto M5G 1Z8
Toll-free: 1-844-971-9674

South Asian Legal Clinic of Ontario
45 Sheppard Ave East Suite 106A,
Toronto M2N5W9

Toronto Workers Health and Safety Legal Clinic
180 Dundas Street West Suite 2000,
PO Box 4, Toronto M5G 1Z8

Toronto Police Services – Sex Crimes
40 College St., Toronto, ON , M5G 2J3
General Inquiries: Call 311


Toronto District School Board

Waterloo Region
District School Board
Welcome Centre for Newcomers:
Margaret Avenue Public School
325 Louisa Street
Kitchener ON N2H 5N1
Web: Welcome Centre for Newcomers

Toronto Catholic
District School Board


Arab Community Centre of Toronto
555 Burnhamthorpe Road, Suite 209
Etobicoke, Ontario M9C 2Y3
416-231-7746 ext. 236
Fax: (416) 231-4770

COSTI Immigrant Services
416-244-0480 ext. 246

WoodGreen Community Services
416-645-6000 ext. 2100
Roofs for refugees

208 Oakwood Ave, Toronto ON
M6E 2V4

Canada Newcomers and Immigration Association
3660 Midland Avenue, Suite 300
Toronto, Ontario

Settlement Assistance and Family Support Services
1200 Markham Rd., Suite #214
Toronto, ON M1H 3C3
Fax: (416) 431-7283


We appreciate and acknowledge a host of individuals and institutes who made this publication possible. Our gratitude goes to all those who spared their precious time for us during our consultations and focus group discussions. We also acknowledge and thank the following partner agencies and legal experts who assisted us in numerous ways including sharing resources, validating the legal information, and guiding us at different levels of the project. They are named in alphabetical order.

  • Community Legal Education Ontario (CLEO)
  • FCJ Refugee Center
  • Md Washim Ahmed, Barrister and Solicitor, Legal expert on Refugee Law
  • Settlement Assistance and Family Support Services
  • South Asian Legal Clinic of Ontario
  • The Advocacy Centre for Tenants Ontario
  • The Arab Community Centre of Toronto

Much appreciation and thanks are extended to all our staff members and volunteers.
Special thanks go to the Law Foundation of Ontario for its generous support of this project.